Thomas’ journal for 1887 depicts his settled life as family man, naturalist and geologist very much integrated into his community.
His eldest son Thomas, ‘Tommy’ who began work as a clerk at Plas Power
January 22 (Saturday) Mr Williams, my geologist friend from Blaenau Festiniog spent the afternoon from 2.30 to 5 o’clock with me. He brought his rock sections and microscope with him, so that we spent a most interesting afternoon. He had never seen my collection of local fossils, and as it was his chief object to see them, we devoted considerable time to the inspection of them. He was also very desirous to see the way I mounted and arranged my specimens, because he wished to arrange his specimens on the same plan. Mr Williams is a good microscopist, a very enthusiastic geologist, and takes an interest in botany. Both of us seem to be so much interested in natural history that we wished we could have more time together.
Thursday the 17th witnessed a curious sight from a little after 9 o’clock to 11 o’clock; it was a lantern search for a poor old lady who lived alone in one of the Tynllechwed cottages near the village. It seems that she went for a bundle of sticks for fuel, got lost, and as she did not return, most of the village men and women went in search of her with the lanterns. They searched all Earlswood and every place where it was thought she could have wanted to, but to no purpose. The very numerous lanterns spread over the wood and flashing here and there, formed a most curious and interesting sight.
Thursday the 24th The body of Catherine Owen. The old lady who was lost a week ago, was found at midday today in the rabbit warren of Llanerch. Hundreds of men have been searching for her ever since she was lost, even on Sunday, but nothing was seen or heard of her until today. It was never thought that she could have climbed the formidable fence which encloses the Warren, so that there was little search made there. By the appearance of the body, she seems to have sat down exhausted, wrapped her little shawl around her head and died of cold, without a struggle. Her baptism is entered in the register of Llandderfel church, and was examined by our Rector. She was baptised on the 20th of June 1795, so that if she had lived till next June, her age would be 92 years.
Saturday the 12th Francis and Henry left by the 1120 train to visit Tommy at Southsea near Wrexham. We were sorry that snow was on the ground this morning, for it has been so very fine for a long time. Henry was very delighted to go. They got on all right, saw the coal pit, and went into Wrexham and got home safely with the last train.
Tuesday the 29th Mrs. Sheriff [formerly Annie Robertson – an early widow -ed.] who has been staying at Nice for a time, very kindly brought me a Roman tear bottle; it is a small glass vessel bulb shaped, with a longish neck. Mrs Sheriff saw it dug up in a Roman cemetery at the town of Ventimiglia, in the north of Italy, and in the ancient province of Liguria. Many other curious articles were found in the same place. It is 2 1/2 inches high, and 1 1/2 inches across the bulb. Length of neck 1 1/2 inches and the bulb is 3 1/4 inches in circumference.
Good Friday, the 8th of April. I went in the afternoon to see the wild daffodils at Garth – they were in full bloom, and from there around Henblas and Moelcalch. It was a very pleasant day, and I enjoyed the walk. Tommy came home for his holidays yesterday evening; he and Willie went for a ramble. Many people were in the village.
Tuesday the 12th Tommy left by first train for Plas Power.
Saturday the 21st Mr Wilkins, solicitor, Uttoxeter, came to see me so as to make arrangements for a visit of the North Staffordshire field club to visit Bala, et cetera. He wanted me to be their guide, and to make out a program for him. He had tea with us, and enjoyed his visit very much. I met him at the station and saw him off by last train to the Lion, Bala, to make arrangements for the excursion.
Saturday 28th Tommy came home for the Whitsuntide holidays. He has grown tall since he went to Plas Power. Was very pleased to come home. Henry and Francie were very delighted to see him.
Tuesday the 31st Tommy left by the first train, and I went to G in the evening. I picked up an unfinished stone hammer on the wall in one of the fields belonging to Pandy farm, the field in which is situated and old lime kiln, close to the Hernant Stream. It had been ploughed up in a potato field, and was placed on the wall as a curiosity. It is in the rough, but is drilled for some depth from each side, the drilling being quite sharp. I went to our after. I caught a large blindworm, which I brought home to Mr Pamplin.
Friday the 10th Francis, her brother, Henry, Francie, and baby left by the 11.20 for London. They had a pleasant journey all the way, and were none the worse.
Saturday the 18th I left here at 4 PM for Llyn Creini. It was very warm all day and I felt it very warm walking, (it had been 77° in the shade). I went through Ty Ucha fields and left Bethel on my right and got to Bethel and Creini road on top of the hill overlooking the lake. It was so pleasant by the lake that I went into it and had a pleasant bathe. Mr Michael Jones (the Principal of Bala Independent College) came to me when I was dressing and was tempted to do as I had done.
I collected several interesting plants by the lake, which I wished to have ready for the members of the North Staffordshire field club. I got the Listora cordata, Isoetes lacustris, Lobelia Dortmanii, Habenaria albidas, and sundew. I got to Sarnau I got the Moenchia, Pilulasia, etc. I found Tommy (home for Jubilee) and Willie waiting for me at the river bridge. I saw the true yellow wagtail at Sarnau; I was pleased to see it, for I had not seen it for 10 years.
[NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE FIELD CLUB VISIT]
Thursday the 23rd The members of the North Staffordshire Field Club came to see my fossils, and to see over the gardens. I had a telegram at 4 o’clock from Bala to say a start would be made for Palé at 4:40. At 5:15, seven work and it’s full of ladies and gentlemen arrived (41 in all) .
My friend Mr Wilkins who sent me the telegram from Bala soon came to me and after introducing me to some of the leading members, Such as the President, Dr Arlidge and the Secretary the Rev Thos W Daltrey of Madeley Vicarage Newcastle Staffs. I took them through the upper garden, and pointed out my hardy ferns and interesting plants. We crossed the road and went to the lawn in front of the dining room where Mr and Mrs Robertson and family were in waiting to receive the party. After I introduced the leader (Mr Wilkins) President, & Secretary, they were all asked to partake of tea and other refreshments in the dining room, and act which was Highly appreciated. The young ladies attended to there once, and Mr Robertson and his son were most attentive and kind to them. Mrs. Robertson being an invalid could do nothing but chat to them.
They went round the grounds, so the so-called cromlech, the tumulus in the park, and as I had my fossils arranged in the front room etc. I had the most interesting plants of our district also ready for their inspection. My fossils rather took them by surprise, although their program called it “most extensive and unique collection “. The plants pleased and very much, and they freely took specimens with them. My collection of birds’ eggs was also examined with much interest, and my ancient weapons too came in for close inspection. Mr Harry Robertson kindly assisted me to show the connections. A vote of thanks was given to Mr Robertson, and the party left at 7:40, highly pleased.
 Friday, June 24 Having to act as one of the guides or leaders to the members of the North Staffordshire Field Club and over 50 of the members of the Chester Society of Natural Science, I left here by the 9.10 train. I met with the Chester folks at our station, and got into a carriage with Mr Siddall, Mr Shepheard, Mr Newstead, Mr Lucas et cetera. At Bala I had a chat with Mr and Mrs. George Dixon (Mayor and Mayoress of Chester last year) Mr Shone, Prof. Hughes and Mrs. Hughes, and several others of my Chester friends. Prof Hughes was to act as Guide with me.
I went in the same carriage as Mr Wilkins, Dr. Arledge, Rev. TW Daltrey, and Miss Ashdown. It was very warm and dusty most of the way, but all of the party enjoyed their ride, and were delighted with the scenery along the route. There was not much time for geology, but we found several interesting plants; the most interesting to me what’s the Geranium sylvaticum in full bloom. Mr. Siddall has botanised a very great deal of North Wales but he never saw the plant before, and it was new to the other botanists of the party.
We had lunch in the village [Llanwddyn, the vilage later drowned under the Vyrnwy Reservoir – ed. ], and on getting to the works we were taken in tram cars to the quarries, where a short address was delivered to the party by the resident engineer, Mr Deacon. There are three or four managers and to him, my old friend Mr Bickerton being one of them. Mr Bickerton had a few fossils to show me, which had been found in the quarries.
Inserted at the end of the journal
After we saw the quarries, we were taken in the tram cars to the embankment, over which most of us walked. It was a rough walking, as it was in an unfinished state, but the managers and Mr Deacon did all they could to assist us. I helped Mr. Dixon to get Mrs. Dixon over it. The plans of the embankment were explained to us, and indeed we had every facility to see and understand the gigantic works. The Chester members went over Bwlch y groes to Llanwuchllyn, but I returned to Bala  with the Staffordshire people. We returned from the works by the new road along the south side of the valley. I saw the white and yellow waterlilies growing in the stream in the valley. We passed close to Eunant Hall, a small shooting box, which will be almost covered with water when the valley is drowned.
It was much cooler coming back, so that we had a very pleasant ride. On arriving at Bala we all dined together, I could not stay to dinner if I had to come home with the train, so Mr Owen of the Lion kindly promised to bring me home, which he did. I got home by 10 o’clock very much pleased with my day’s outing, and especially with kindness and attentions of the members of both Societies. Mr Wilkins did all he could to make me comfortable, and gave me great praise at the dinner for my help and abilities.
The next day Thomas wrote a letter to his wife, who was staying with her mother in London. It contains a much expanded account of the day.
June 25th, 1887
My dear Wife,
I shall now tell you as briefly as possible how I got on yesterday. I got home safely anyway, and brought all the Staffordshire folks back to Bala safely too. It was beautifully fine, but hot and dusty. I left here by the nine. 10, joining the Chester folks – several of them soon spied me at the station, and I was obliged to obey the call of some of my oldest friends. In the carriage with me was, Mr Siddall, Mr Shepheard and his two daughters (the babies he called them) Mr Okell the secretary, and the curator and two or three more. The first three were subscribers to my microscope. We had good fun all the way to Bala. I said they seemed full when I was about to enter, and they said they would make room for a little man like me. Mr Shepheard’s “babies” are as big as ever they will be.
On getting to Bala, it was a sight to see the number got out; about 50 in all. Many of them were old friends, so that I had some handshaking to do. Mr Wilkins came to meet us, and when I was talking to him with my back to one of the carriages, I was tapped on the shoulder, and on looking round, I was grasped by the hand by Mrs George Dickson, and Mr D. soon came too, so we had a pleasant chat for a little time. But the carriage of Colonel Evans Lloyd, the High Sheriff came up to the station with Prof. and Mrs. Hughes, and when the Prof saw me he brought his wife to introduce to me. The High Sheriff also spoke to me. Mr Wilkins Prof and his wife, and I went in the Lion ‘Bus to the hotel and after that time the start was made.
It was amusing to see how the Bala folks gaped at this with open mouths, such a turnout was never seen in Bala before.
Everybody seemed in high spirits at the starting off. Mr Wilkins and I sat on the box with the driver, and had four in the carriage with us, the President and Secretary and two ladies.
Prof Hughes and his wife were a short way ahead in another full carriage. We made several stoppages on the way to give time to see the fossil grounds, plants, or anything of interest. It was 1 o’clock before we got to the village of Llanwddyn here we had our lunch in. Mr. and Mrs. Dickson would have me go into the room they were in, and offered me allsorts of drink, but I would only take lemonade and very refreshing it was after the long drive in heat, and the fearful dust in some parts. One carriage stirring up the dust, which flew in the face of the one next to it.
After lunch and we rode to the embankment, where an engine and a number of cars were ready to take us to the quarries. After seeing the quarries, we were taken to the embankment and conducted along the top of it, at least all who were willing to go, but as it was rough walking many would not go, and some were afraid to go. Very few ladies went. Those who did not go were conducted along the base of it to the south end where we all met again. Mr Dickson was anxious to take his wife along the top of the embankment, and asked me to assist her, so between us we got her along nicely. I carried her parasol so as to let her have the use of her hands, because we had to go up and down stepladders here and there, and clamber over huge blocks of stone, and go under monster cranes. It was warm work, but we managed alright. The resident engineer instructed his staff of four managers (they are being four) to do all they could for us.
My old friend Mr Bickerton was very attentive to me and I found he and Mr. Dickson were old friends. The plans of the embankment were shown to us, and fully explained, and the men sent (when we were leaving) to order the carriages to meet us, so as to save us hunting them up. There has been a very great deal done since I was there three years ago, but there is work of great extent to be done yet before they can begin to store the water. It will be nearly 2 years yet before they can begin to drown the valley.
There will be a fire duct along the top of the embankment to form a carriage Road, and the overflow water will pass under it. It is now built up almost to the level of the place where the viaduct is to be built on.
It is a wonderful work, and seems as if nothing could shake it. We left at 4 o’clock and returned to the new road on the opposite side of the valley to that on which the village is situated, a beautiful drive it is, nearly level for 4 miles, and much more interesting than on the village side. The Chester folks went over the hills to be, and were anxious to get me to go with them, but Mr Wilkins would not allow me. The Dicksons wished me very much, but I said it would not be nice to desert the strangers. It was very pleasant driving because it was cooler and we had a nice breeze when crossing the hills. We saw large masses of the beautiful geranium your brother and I found at the same old place. I brought home plants for uncle and myself, and as it was in full flower I brought the right plants this time. Your brother and I only brought globe flowers.
We got back to Bala at a 7:15. They would make me stay to dine with them, and to make me at ease Mr Owen said he would see me home. Mr Wilkins took me to his room to have a wash. Which was very refreshing, and the islands offered me anything I wish to drink so I had another lemonade, and Mr Wilkins made me have another at dinner, because I refused wine, beer, and spirits. We had a very nice dinner and all seem to enjoy it. The president, Dr Aldridge sat at the upper end of the table, Mr Wilkins at the other end. I sat on Mr Wilkins right. The president and secretary still gap to thank the leaders (Mr W et cetera) and Mr Wilkins replied (he told me before dinner that he would do so.) He praised the kindness of Mr Robertson and family but said that the kindness was in great measure owing to me. He spoke very kindly about myself and said to them that he could see by the way the Robertsons spoke of me and treated me, that I was practically one of the Palé family. I did not feel very comfortable at his praises, but he is such a nice speaker, and has such a gift of putting what he says in such nice language, that I could not but feel at ease.
The Owens and every one of the members speak highly of him and he is evidently much respected. I do not think I ever heard anyone speak so clearly and pleasingly as he did. During the day he spoke kindly to everyone, and did all he possibly could to please. Our driver said he never saw a nicer man. I felt very thankful to see them all back safely, and also that all of them were highly pleased with the outing. I thought the Caradoc members particularly amiable people, but I must say the Staffordshire people treated me as if we were old friends and equals. Mr Wilkins asked me how I liked them, and when I said that I was highly pleased with them in every way he said he thought I would say so, for they were very nice. He is a Chester man himself. Mr. Dickson
knows Mr Wilkins very well. Mr Shepheard thanked me very much for being so kind to his old friend, for it was he sent Mr Wilkins to me.
It was after nine o’clock before they left the table, for they had some members to elect, and other business to transact. Many of them were going after to go on the lake in the boats, and wished me to go to, but “home sweet home “was more in my line. Mr W was going on the lake, but would not go until he saw I was starting for home. Many of them came to shake hands with me and spoke so kindly, and said they never would forget their visit to BalaSeveral offered me something to drink before starting, so I had a “another bottle “of lemonade, and two old gentleman struggled to pay for it. The Owens and Miss Williams said to me that they could not understand how the people find me out. Mr Owen himself very kindly brought me home to the very door here, where I got about a 10:15 o’clock. He evidently did not wish me to be at any expense, so that he would come himself. We had a very pleasant ride here. I found all right on getting home.
Mr and Mrs. Dickson ask very kindly after you, and Mrs D. wanted to know the number of your chicks. Mr W too made kind enquiries about you. Miss Jones of Mount Place and her brother John were going to the lake on our return. She waved her hand to me. I was hoarse and getting home, but I’m alright now. I had a good deal of talking to do, and I have to tell some of the ladies the names of many plants and how to spell them. They were taking specimens in books and writing the names against them. There were three young ladies in a carriage just in front of ours (Staffords) who were full of fun and kept talking Welsh to me whenever they could, that is when we were walking over bad places in the road. They would ask the driver what to say and then repeat it as well as they could.
The Staffordshire people went direct by train to Denbigh yesterday morning
[Undated] There was an otter hunt from Bodwenni to Palé. One of 25lbs. was killed at the junction of Calethor with the Dee. The hunters had lunch and at Palé and Miss Robertson brought Mrs. Hotchkiss (one of the hunt ladies) to me as she wished to get the names of a few interesting hardy plants from me. Mr and Mrs Hotchkiss live at Llanstephan, Builth. I found her to be a very amiable lady. I have seen them for many years at the otter hunts.
Monday the 27th I followed the otter hunt from here to see bridge. It was a very warm day, but as I had an excellent view of the otter going and the Cilau bridge, I was much pleased. I was standing right above where he passed under. It was a very large otter and somewhat resembled a huge fish as it passed under the bridge. One or two others were seen during the day, but the pool at L got so muddy that there was no chance of a kill. Mr Armstrong and I had tea in Llanwercilau which was very acceptable.
Wednesday the 29th Lady Cunliffe of Acton Park, Wrexham here. Rather a dignified and stout lady. I had a chat with her as she wished to know the names of a few border plants.
Wednesday, July 6 I left here by the 1:30 PM train for Ruabon to meet Francis, her mother, and the children coming from London. On getting to Ruabon, I only had an hour to wait so I walked along the Overton Road as far as Wynnstay Lodge. There is a high wall along Wynnstay Park, with fine old specimens of trees inside, notably oaks, beech and Spanish chestnuts. I saw a few deer near the lodge. The road is very straight for a long way. Ruabon is a very little place of little interest; the church and churchyard occupy about half of the village. My people were surprised to see me, because I did not say I was going. We travelled with Miss Ellis of Cynlas (eldest sister of the M.P. for this county), the mother-in-law of Major Best and two other ladies. All well and pleasant journey.
 Monday the 18th the Rev Henry Bidder examined my fossils with me. Mr Bidder is a great lover of hardy plants, and is as familiar with the cultivation of them as he is with their names. He is not much of a geologist, not so much as his brother Mr George Bidder Queens Council; but as he is a very learned man, he takes interest in any branch of science. The father of the above brothers was a wonderful mental calculator and was educated by some scientific gentleman in order to enable him to put his method on paper, but he could not do so. He was quite a prodigy when quite young. See “Chambers Information for the People” Vol II p.154. This George better, and native of Scotland, became a Civil Engineer, and because wealthy enough to buy an estate at Mitcham and also to educate his two sons and daughters. I have seen the Calculator here at Palé, a short stout course skinned, and very plain featured man. His children and grandchildren are talented, but inherit his features and stature.
Friday the 22nd Francis’s mother left us for London. We wished we could have got her to stay longer, but could not do so. During the time she was here we had nice walks and very fine weather.
This day was a great day in Bala, being the funeral day of the Rev Dr. Lewis Edwards, Principal of Bala college, who died last Tuesday the 19th in his 78 year. Dr Edwards married the grand daughter of “Charles of Bala”, by whom he has left six children, four sons and two daughters. He was a man of great and varied learning, and his whole life was spent in battling the prejudice and narrowminded ignorance of his own sect.
I had also a very pleasant days outing with Mr Fenwick, Chief Constable of Chester, and my kind friend Mr Shrubsole of Chester. We went in a wagonette from the Lion Hotel Bala to Caer Gai, where we examined the place with great interest for over an hour. We carried off several Roman tiles. I next conducted them to see Castel Carn Dochan where we examined the ruins of the old castle, and the goldmine; afterwards the recumbent effigy in Llanwuchllyn church and then returned to Bala past Llangower and the old station.
We dined together in the evening; my friend is having me as guest, or as Mr Shrubsole said “as guide philosopher and friend”. Mr Fenwick is about 50, tall, about 6 feet; very active, takes copious notes in his rambles, and is most methodical in his ways. He has travelled much, has quite a military cut, and a very agreeable manners. This outing I very much enjoyed and my friends saw me off by train. They were going to stay in the Lion Hotel and were to go round by Barmouth and Caernarvon to Chester. This ramble was on the Wednesday, the 27th of July but I seem to have forgot to enter it at the time.
[The year and book ends here]
[Continuing p. 280]
Friday, August 5 Dr and Mrs Sturge examined my fossils with much care. Mrs Sturge when Miss Sheriff had several rambles with me in search of fossils; her sister and Mrs Sheriff used to go with us. Dr Sturge is a good archaeologist, and devote so much time to the subject. He was much pleased to see my small collection of antiquities, and said I had some valuable objects. My Norman tiles were of much interest to him, and he was much interested in flint flakes. I was very pleased to have a chat with him and I got considerable information from him.
 Sunday, August 14th Henry went to the Sunday School for the first time. It was his own wish, because he said he was five years old on the previous day Saturday.
Tuesday the 16th Henry wished to go to the day school, so went with Willie to our village Board School. Master, Robert Jones; all my children are under him, and my boys began with him. Mary Emily began with Miss Annie Davies, then Miss Annie Williams, and now in the mixed school under Mr. Robert Jones.
Friday 19th Mr George Bidder QC had another examination of my fossils; he is very fond of Silurian fossils, but has to work mostly in the Chalk. See 18th July of this year.
Saturday 27th my friend Mr shrub sold sent me a box, containing several pieces of Roman pottery, recently found at Chester. The pottery consists of Samian and common wear and a tile of 20th Legion; also Elizabethan fragments.
September 7 (Wednesday) Mr Williams came from London for his annual shooting. Great pleasure to see him, and much excitement among the little ones.
Thursday the eighth Francis safely delivered of her fourth baby at 1:05 o’clock this morning. She was taken ill yesterday, but managed to keep out for tea, and to meet her brother. We had no hitch this time, for the nurse (Mrs Thomas) was in the house, and the doctor arrived at a quarter of an hour after midnight. The baby is a strong and healthy girl. Baby’s name – Amelia Agnes.
Saturday the 10th Henry and I went to Henblas and had a ramble with the shooting party – H. E.’s Uncle and friends.
Sunday 11th Mr Williams and I went in the evening as far as Calethor quarry.
Wednesday 14th Mr Williams and I went up to Calethor brook; enjoyed it much, but we only had 3 1/2 hours.
Saturday the 17th Mr Williams returned home. All of us sorry to see him go again.
 Sunday the 18th I went as far as Garth Goch and the Hirnant stream. Had a pleasant walk there and back.
Saturday the 24th I went up the side of Hafod Uchal brooks as far as the upper quarry. It was very pleasant. The trees are very beautiful in colour of foliage, and an abundance of Mountain Ash berries added very much to the beauty of the trees.
Sunday the 25th I went in the evening up the Berlin Road as far as Frith Brynselwrn. I saw the remains of three tumuli and have good reviews of the distant mountains.
Tuesday, October 4 Frances and I went for a walk around Calethor bridges.
Saturday the eighth Francis and I had a very pleasant walk up the Burlin road and home by the old lane. It was F.’s longest walk since the baby was born.
Sunday the 9th F and I went in the evening to Glandwynant Road for a walk  up the hill here and home by Coen and Bala Road, got onto it at Tyddyn Inn. It was cold but fine. This has been the coldest week I have seen in Wales so early in October. There was a heavy fall of snow covered the hills and mountains on Sunday night and Monday morning. Snow began again on Tuesday evening, covering covering hills and lowlands, and on Wednesday morning there was a thick coat everywhere; the trees were bent down with the weight of the snow, and I had to melt it so as to get the amount of rain. It was very wintry looking, with the fruit nets, trees and apples covered with the snow. The depth of snow on the hills varied according to altitude, from 10 to 18″. It was a curious site to see the country under an early snow. Yesterday’s rain has melted almost all the snow from the mountains.
The cold and snow has been general over most of three kingdoms and the continent. There was a full of snow in London, and more frost down here. We had 7 1/2° here this morning.
 October Monday the 17th Mr Williams came from London to spend a week here. All of us much excited to see him.
Wednesday the 19th Francis and I, Mr Williams (her brother) Henry and Francie, Mrs Thomas the nurse, and Mr and Mrs Pamplin went to have baby christened at church (Llandderfel) by Mr Wm. Morgan the Rector. We named her Amelia Agnes. It was a beautiful day for going. Mr Williams came with us from church and spent the evening with us.
Saturday 22nd Mr Williams returned to London, which we all regretted.
Tuesday the 25th Mr and Mrs Pamplin came in the afternoon and had tea with us. Saturday the 29th there was a sale at Hafodfawr near here and that it was fine, I went there after tea. I went for a ramble over the hill at Bwlch, until I got in view of Bala and Lake. There were several curious-looking old farmers at the sale. Prices for corn and hay stacks were very high, but livestock went very cheap.
 November Tuesday the 1st. Baby was registered as Amelia Agnes Ruddy.
Thursday the 3rd Mr Robertson sent me to Llantysilio Gardens to look over the fruit and other things, because Mr Massey the old Gardner that died suddenly the previous day. I left here by the 11.20 which did not stop at Berwyn station, so I had to go onto Llangollen, and as it was sunny and fine, I had a pleasant walk back on the towpath of the canal. The canal runs along side of the river all the way, and the scenery is beautiful and interesting. I got to Llantysilio at 1 o’clock, and went over the whole establishment with the men. Mr Robertson went from here on business by the first train; he was met at Llangollen by the person who has charge of the Hall and stables, and he, Mr Haynes had orders to meet me and assist me to see the place. The Hall is very large, well furnished, and well-kept, but it is difficult to let it. It is the property of Mr Robertson’s only son, to whom it was left by his godfather, Mr Bayer (a German ) of the engineering firm of Bayer, Peacock and co. of Manchester (Gorton) [Footnote by TR: the Co. is Mr Robertson chiefly.] The kitchen garden is small and old-fashioned, having two large yew hedges, broad gravel walks, and diagonal grass walks. The flower garden is also in it. It contains peaches, figs, apricots and pears, et cetera on the walls which do fairly well; and there is the remains of a fine old Mulberry tree in it as a standard, but the tops of the principal limbs have been destroyed by the wind. There is a fine old Walnut tree just outside the kitchen garden with a growth of 13’6″. The Mulberry and walnut must have been planted in the early part of the 17th century – in the rain of James the second both are evidently of great age. There is a vinery, greenhouse and melon house near the kitchen garden; indeed the melon house is in it.
The situation is very beautiful, almost surrounded by hills, with the Dee sweeping round the park. Mr and Mrs Haynes kindly gave me tea before leaving, which was very acceptable, and Mr Haynes came to Berwyn station with me, where I caught the 4.28 train. We came through the park by the side of the river, and by the weir at the entrance of the canal, so weir is styled the “Horseshoe Falls”. From the “Falls” I walked along the canal and over the chain bridge to the station.
Saturday the 12th Mr Lewis, traveller to Messrs. Clibran and son; nurserymen of Altrincham and Bowdon, Manchester, called to try for orders. Mr Lewis lives with his parents at Arthog; his father was Gardener at Tynycoed there when Mr Davies was alive.
Monday the 14th I had to go again to Llantysilio to settle about various things. I have charge of the gardens and men for the present. I went by the 9.39 train, alighting at Berwyn station. After seeing the men and looking over things, I went across the fields by a pathway to Valle Crucis Abbey and the pillar of Eliseg. The ruins of the abbey are by the side of a small stream with two sloping riches of hills on either side, and shut in by hills at each end. The situation is very beautiful and of great interest. The abbey is the finest monastic ruin in North Wales, it is said.
It was founded in 1200 by Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor Lord of Bromfield and Yale, who lived at Dinas Brân Castle. The monks were of the Cistercian  Order. I could not help admiring the west end of the church with its very beautiful lancet window, and the marigold window above it. I had no time to examine the ruins but hoped to do so at a future time.
Eliseg’s Pillar stands in the corner of a field near the road leading from Llangollen to Ruthin, and passing the abbey. It is two fields from the abbey on the roof inside. The following is a rough sketch to give an idea of what it is like,
[small sketch inserted]
number 1 is a round sandstone, smooth pillar with a wreath-like ornament and circling the top, and a narrow moulding round it, number 2 is a large square block of sandstone, into which the pillar is inserted; it rests upon loosely built rough stems – see number 3. Number figure for is a rough amount on or tumulus on which grow five young oak trees. Height of pillar, 8 feet; the square block is 5 ft3″ square and 14 inches thick, but runs off at the bottom. The pillar is 21 inches in diameter, and the mound is about 45 feet in diameter and 4 feet above surface of field.
 there was evidently a cross on the top of it, but it must have been destroyed, because the Puritan soldiers during the Civil War was through down the pillar, thinking it was a Popish monument. It had an early inscription to say it was erected by sea in memory of his great grandfather, Eliseg, father of Brochmael, Prince of Powys, who was at the battle of Bangor Isycoed, 603. The inscription has been obliterated for many years, but it has a modern one, which says that the pillar was repaired and re-erected by T Lloyd of Trevor Hall in 1779. It is supposed that the pillar was a Roman column, which was probably brought from Chester. It is said that the mound was excavated, and that stone coffin was found in it, containing bones. This sepulchral monument is one of the most remarkable in Wales. I was very pleased to see it, because I have long wish to examine it. The land on which the pillar and Abbey stand is the property of the owners of Trevor Hall 2 miles east of Llangollen.
The field in which the pillar stands is called Llwyn-y-groes (grove of the cross).  I could not find any fossils in the shale on the way, or many plants of interest, but I saw a bullfinch and a green woodpecker. I came home here by the 5.19 train, having very much enjoyed my outing.
Saturday the 19th Francis, Henry and I had a nice walk; we went past Brynmelyn.
Sunday the 20th I went in the afternoon along the Barlow Road on the south side of the Dee near Garth- Goch. It was sunny and fine, but frosty. I came back by the river from the tunnel. I did not see any interesting birds.
Tuesday the 22nd I was very delighted to see a flock of crossbills (Loxia curvirostra) feeding on the cones on the Larch tree opposite our parlour window. I never saw any in the flesh before, although I have long wish to see them. They are very rare in North Wales. I had four shot for examination. I went over to Mr pumpkin with the pair of them, which pleased him very much because he never saw any before.
 I left here for Llantysilio and Llangollen by the 933 train. I got out at Berwyn station, crossed the river by the Chain bridge, and walked along the side of the canal to the very beautiful weir constructed by Telford. The Llangollen people call it the “Horseshoe Falls”. Bryntysilio, the seat of Sir Theodore Martin immediately overlooks it, and Llantysilio church is a little farther on. When I got to the gardens, I had a look round and afterwards so all through the Hall of Llantysilio which is very substantial, and well furnished. I got onto the outside of the water tower from which I had a beautiful view of the Vale and neighbourhood. Plas Berwyn just on the opposite side of the river; it is a nice looking hole of moderate size, with a small sized garden attached, which is only partly walled in, and with one or two hothouses. This (Plas Berwyn) is the seat of Major Tottenham, but he has another seat and estate in Wicklow. Major and Mrs Tottenham have been here to see the gardens several times.
After seeing about, I started to walk to Llangollen at 12:20. I got onto the side of the canal, and walked very fast all the way, arriving in town a little after 1 o’clock. I was very pleased to see the crossbills on my way there; a flock of six flew on to an ash tree where they soon began to eat the kernels of the seeds. I also saw two or three feeding on the Larch cones opposite Llangollen Bridge, on the side of the canal.
When in town I arranged with Mrs Ellis the greengrocer about the fruit and vegetables of Llantysilio Gardens, and got a blank book to continue my journal at Horsepool’s Fancy Shop.
I went to buy the 1.54 train to Berlin, went to going to the gardens to settle about things. When in the garden, I had a note of a strange bird to me, which one of the men said was a very small black and white woodpecker,  which I take to be the lesser spotted woodpecker. The greatest spotted species has been seen about there. After arranging about things, I left for home by the 4.20 from Berwyn I was much pleased with my outing and I had a nice day; it was warm, sunny and dry.
Saturday the third Mr Pamplin and I went in the afternoon for a ramble as far as the little pool of M. It was sunny and fine, so that we enjoyed being out together. Mr Robertson has some workmen there to raise the embankment, so as to have a larger area of water in the pool, which he intends to stock with Loch Leven trout, those he raced from over. On returning to Mr Pamplin’s we enjoyed our tea, and Mr Pamplin was glad to get home again, for he cannot walk now with me as he used to do a few years ago, poor man, his spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak. But he now feels the weight of years, so that he has to take shorter steps then he did 10 years ago. [Pamplin then 81, ed.]
 Christmas Day this fell on Sunday this time, which made it seem strange. Tommy came home five and 519 on the previous evening, greatly to the delight of the little ones. He was quite as pleased to come home. Henry, Willie and I met him at the station.
Christmas Day was changeable and cold, but it was fine and dry. There was a very beautiful halo around the moon at 5 o’clock in the evening. There was a broad reddish green circle outside a thick white cloud. The morning was frosty 8 1/2°.
Monday 26th there was a little snow in the early morning, and frosty during the day. The children had great fun in the evening, amusing themselves with crackers et cetera
Wednesday the 28th time we return to the office by the first train in the morning; he was very pleased and enjoyed his holidays very much.  The children had many cards sent to them at Christmas, and the “Chatterbox” as usual this is always a welcome present.
Saturday the 31st this has been a remarkably dry year, the driest since I began to take the rainfall in 1875. I have recorded as much as 60 inches in the year, but this year we only had 37.37 inches, or a little over 37 1/4 inches. With the exception of a light shower on the 7th of June, we had 30 consecutive days without rain – that is from the 4th of June till the 3rd of July inclusive. There were 15 days (consecutive) in April 2 without rain. Such long droughts are very rare in Wales. The number of days on which -01 or more rain fell during the year was 178. The maximum temperature was 80° on the 8th of July; this was not so high as we have had it in warm years. Indeed it was more dry than warm. But it was a very trying year owing to the great dryness of the air. The lowest form minimum temperature was 14, being equal to 18° of frost. This was on the 13th of March. We had 18° on the 17th too; indeed we had nine days of very severe weather in this month from the 11th till the 19th Snow every day, making 6 inches of snow. The frost setting on the 11th with 7° and ended on the 23rd with 4 1/2°. We had eight days of hard frost in February, began on the sixth and ended on the 17th–17° of frost was the minimum. We have had a good deal of frost during October November and December and an unusually deep fall of snow on the 11th of October. It was 6 inches here, but 6 to 18 inches deep on the grass hills between Pontcwmbedwr and Moel Sarn Llwyd on the 12th. Minimum temperature in October 12 degrees of frost. This is very unusual in this month. November was the coldest November I have ever had to record here that is since 1875 we had 14° of frost. The planet Venus has been shining brightly during the last two months; it was to be seen on clear mornings a little above Palé Hill from here, and could be seen till 8:30 AM. It was popularly called the “Star of Bethlehem”.
I did very little scientific work during the year, at least fieldwork. I did not find us much time to ramble as usual, and telling to the great dryness and heat, I dreaded long rambles.
I had the pleasure of a visit from the members of the Staffordshire field club on the 23rd of June; and I went with them to L on the 24th and dined with them in the White Lion hotel Bala in the evening.
I had also a very pleasant days outing with Mr Fenwick, Chief Constable of Chester, and my kind friend Mr Shrubsole of Chester. We went in the wagonette from the Lion Hotel Bala to Caer Gai, where we examined the place with great interest for over an hour. We carried off several Roman tiles. I next conducted them to Castell Carn Dochan where we examined the ruins of the old castle, and the Gold Mine; afterwards the recumbent effigy in L church, and then returned to Ballagh past L and the old station. We dined together in the evening; my friends having me as guest, or as Mr Shrubsole said, “as Guide, Philosopher and Friend”.
Mr Fenwick is about 50, tall, about 6 feet; very active, takes copious notes in his rambles, and is most methodical in his ways. He has travelled much, has quite a military cut, and a very agreeable manners. This outing I very much enjoyed and my friends saw me off by train. They were going to stay in the lion hotel and were to go round by Barmouth and Caernarvon to Chester.
This ramble was on the Wednesday, the 27th of July, but I seem to have forgot to enter it at the time.
End of Volume 2